The Impact of Communicative Approach to Grammar Teaching on EFL University Students’ Grammatical Knowledge and Oral Communication Ability (A Case of Georgian University)
Keywords:Grammar teaching, grammatical competence, communicative language teaching, communicative competence, communicative grammar teaching
Teaching grammar to students in a traditional approach does not help them use the language they have learned to communicate in real-life situations. The present study aims to investigate whether the communicative approach to grammar teaching has an impact on English as a Foreign Language (EFL) University students’ grammatical knowledge and oral communication ability. A quantitative approach was applied to the study. The sample of the study comprised 20 students. Data was gathered through the experiment pre- and post-test cycles. The results of the instruction showed significant success in students’ development of both grammatical competence and oral communication skill. The survey findings highlighted positive attitudes from the students taught with a new approach.
Acker, V. (2000). Communicative Grammar Tasks: Language Use and Students' Preferences. Master’s Thesis. Iowa, the USA: Iowa State University.
ACTFL (n.d.). Teach Grammar as Concepts in Meaningful Contexts in Language Learning. Retrieved from https://www.actfl.org/guiding-principles/teach-grammar-concepts-meaningful-contexts-language-learning
Alvarez, E. H. (2017). Enhancing grammar competence of the senior secondary students through communicative language teaching (CLT). International Journal of Research in Humanities and Social Studies, 4(11), 9-16.
Badila, D. C & Chacon, G. P. (2013). Communicative grammar: an effective tool to teach a second language in today’s classes. Revista de LenguasModernas, 18, 267-283.
Basias, N. & Pollalis, Y. (2018). Quantitative and qualitative research in business & technology: justifying a suitable research methodology. Review of Integrative Business and Economics Research, 7(1), 91-105.
Canale, M. & Swain, M. (1980). Theoretical bases of communicative approaches to second language teaching and testing. Applied Linguistics, 1(1), 1-47.
Canale, M. (1983). From Communicative Competence to Communicative Language Pedagogy. New York: Longman.
Chaiyaphat, W. (2013). Effects of English Collocation and Communicative Grammar Instruction on Undergraduate Students’ English Speaking and Writing Abilities. Master’s Thesis. Thailand: Chulalongkorn University.
Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. London: SAGE Publications.
Ellis, R., &Fotos, S. (1999). Learning a Second Language through Interaction. Amsterdam, NL: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Fikron, R. (2018). Grammatical competence within L2 communication: language production, monitor hypothesis, and focus on forms instruction. Pancaran Pendidikan EKIP UniversitasJember, 7(1), 101-112.
Gedefa, B. (2013). Exploring the Implementation of CLT in Teaching Grammar at Fre-Hewot No 2 Secondary and Preparatory School. Master’s Thesis. Ethiopia: Addis Ababa University Graduate School College.
Gerges, B. (2016). Bridging the Gap between Grammar Competence and Communicative Performance. Retrieved from https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Bridging-the-Gap-between-Grammar-Competence-and-Gerges/3beb5fe416525282e49ff835baebfd39c7a7203e
Ho, P. V. P & Binh, N. T. (2014). The effects of communicative grammar teaching on students’ achievement of grammatical knowledge and oral production. English Language Teaching, 7(6), 74-86.
Hosni, S. A. (2014). Speaking difficulties encountered by young EFL learners. International Journal on Studies in English Language and Literature (IJSELL), 2(6), 22-30. Retrieved from
Hymes, D. (1972). On communicative competence. Sociolinguistics, 269-293.
Krashen, S. D. (1982). Principles and Practice in Second Language Acquisition. New York: Pergamon Press Inc.
Leong, L. & Ahmadi, S. M. (2017). An analysis of factors influencing learners’ English speaking skill. International Journal of Research in English Education, 34-41.
Littlewood, W. (1981). Communicative Language Teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mahakaew, V. (2009). Effects of Communicative English Grammar instruction using Team Based Learning Approach on Communicative English Language Ability of Tenth Grade Students at Nawamintrachinuthid Norwang Nonthaburi School. Master’s Thesis. Thailand: Chulalongkorn University.
Ming, D. (2011). Adapting Communicative Language Teaching to Grammar Teaching in China’s University English Classroom. Master’s Thesis. Wisconsin, the USA: University of Wisconsin-Platteville.
Muijs, D. (2004). Doing Quantitative Research in Education with SPSS. London: Sage Publications.
Nunan, D. (1989). Designing Tasks for the Communicative Classroom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ramdas, R. P. (2018). Traditional grammar and its drawbacks. Pune Research – an International Journal in English. 4(1), 1-4. Retrieved from http://puneresearch.com/media/data/issues/5a65786730dc5.pdf
Revita, I. (2015). Communicative approach in teaching English for 3rd year English department students: advantages and weaknesses. Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching, (10)2, 18-33.
Savignon, S. J. (1997). Communicative Competence Theory and Classroom Practice: Texts and Contexts in Second Language Learning (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Savignon, S. J. (2002). Interpreting Communicative Language Teaching: Contexts and Concerns in Teacher Education. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Scarcella, R. C., Andersen, E. S., & Krashen, S. D. (1990). Developing Communicative Competence in a Second Language. Boston, Massachusetts: Heinle & Heinle Publishers.
Weatherford, H. (1997). Issues in the teaching of grammar in a foreign language. Joint meeting of the Southern Conference on Language Teaching and the South Carolina Foreign Language Teachers’ Association, South Carolina, 2-20.
Widdowson, H. G. (1978). Teaching Language as Communication. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Yousaf, M., Umar, H. & Habib, A. (2017). Communicative language teaching (CLT), role of grammar and teachers’ beliefs. Journal of Research in Social Sciences, (5)1, 116-123.
Zhong-Guo, L. & Min-Yan, S. (2007). The relationship between traditional English grammar teaching and communicative language teaching. US-China Education Review, 4(1), 62-65.